Different Kinds of Delivery
From Sprague, Jo and Douglas Stuart.
Speakerís Handbook. 2nd
Ed. San Diego: Harcourt Brace
The appropriate mode of delivery will change based on the topic,
audience and occasion.
If you have little time to prepare, you will be
forced to use an impromptu mode.
If your exact words will matter, such as when
giving a policy statement or giving an important announcement, or if the
occasion is formal, you will probably use a manuscript
or memorize your words.
For most speaking situations use the extemporaneous mode.
is purely one mode. Even in an extemporaneous speech, for example, it is
often advisable to write out the introduction and conclusion and partially
memorize them. And any speaker who encounters hecklers must expect to engage in
some impromptu retorts.
Extemporaneous speaking is the most common mode
of delivery, and is the one you should use in all but a few special cases.
ideas, not specific words, except for key transitions, introduction,
conclusion, and perhaps some key examples.
Used by most teachers, trial lawyers,
salespersons, and others engaged in speaking for hours at a time or for large
portions of the day.
Extemporaneous speaking involves
introduction and conclusion
Easier to sound natural and
Easier to respond to feedback or changes in the situation.
Use impromptu speaking when you have no time for
preparation and planning.
Not appropriate for any critical message.
However, impromptu situations do occur.
example, you are called into an executive management meeting on the spur of the
moment to explain how your department help cut costs.
a meeting runs long, you are forced to reduce a 20 page report into a 3 minute
customer comes into your corporate headquarters complaining about one of your
Steps to handle an impromptu situation
Keep your composure.
expect perfection. You speak all the time without extensive preparation.
Use the time
you have, however short.
down notes, if you have the time.
Select a main
to craft a single, declarative sentence that sums up what you need to say.
this conspicuous when you speak.
sure to connect your main idea to the audience and the occasion.
the critical issues. Pick the top 2 or 3.
pattern for your ideas.
rings (Main points progress from immediate concerns to universal concerns)
ii.) In the
5.) Domains† (Develop the
different spheres touched by the topic)
Select at least one type of support for each
point: an explanation, an example, a story, a fact, or a statistic.
possible, plan your first and last sentences.
for an attention getter.
you best piece of information and use it as a lead. Get their attention, state
your main idea, move through your main points, and state the main idea again.
you have a solid conclusion that differs from the introduction, use it. If not,
donít waste time. Simply summarize the main points and restate the main idea.
Memorize a short, important speech only on
those occasions where holding a manuscript would be out of place.
- This page was last modified on
Wednesday, August 15, 2001.
- You may contact the instructor at SHKaminski@yahoo.com
- This material is for the exclusive use of the students in Webster
University COMP 5970. Unauthorized use is prohibited.